Dengue is the infectious disease caused by the dengue virus. The virus is transmitted through the bite of female mosquito Aedes Aegypti. This mosquito can be uniquely identified by the presence of white, striped legs. It breeds in the rainy season near stagnant water bodies such as water pots and vessels. The mosquito typically bites during daytime especially during sunset and sunrise. The fever is more common in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Asia, America, Africa and the Caribbean. This fever can occur in at any age but is more likely in children and people with weak immunity. It is not contagious and commonly lasts for 10-15 days.
Symptoms: Typical symptoms include high fever, pain in muscles and bones, rashes on the skin, headache, eyes pain, nausea, vomiting, weakness and loss of appetite. In more severe cases, abdominal pain, nose bleeding and blisters may occur. The fever should be treated immediately as delay can be fatal.
Diagnosis: Physical examination and blood test.
Treatment: There is no vaccination for dengue. However, the body develops immunity against a species of virus after the first attack. As this is a viral infection, antibiotics are not helpful. NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and aspirin are prescribed to control the symptoms. For the same reasons, treatment using analgesic and febrifuge herbs is quite popular and helps faster recovery.
Papaya juice is the natural remedy for dengue fever. Drink a couple of table spoons of Papaya leaf juice every day during the dengue fever. It increases platelet count, which can drop during fever.
Drink Tulsi tea or chew 10-15 Tulsi leaves twice a day. It reduces fever and improves immunity.
The tea made from fenugreek leaves tea can help reduce fever and pain.
An infusion of bloodwort is febrifuge and anthelmintic.
Tea of Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum) it a traditional remedy for dengue, bone pain and fever. It increases the immunity against other infections.
The juice made by mixing coriander leaves and water also helps to reduce fever.
Ginger is vasodilator; it reduces fever. A decoction of ginger powder (Shunthi), Tulsi, black pepper and peppermint leaves with jaggery can help treat many of the symptoms of dengue fever.
Neem oil and neem leaves juice are insect repellents. They can prevent mosquite bites if applied on clothes 2-3 times a day.
Mixture of Shunthi (360mg of Ginger powder) and 125 mg of hinguleshwar taken 4 times a day reduces fever and other symptoms
Devil's tree extract, orange juice, Charita are some of other remedies for controlling dengue fever and reducing the pain caused by it.
Prevention: Clothes with full sleeves and long trousers offer better protection from mosquito bites. Don't allow water to stagnate at any place; it encourages breeding of mosquitoes. Immediate medical attention is necessary with the onset of symptoms.
Contraindications: Use boneset herb therapy is contraindicated to persons having liver problems, pregnant and nursing women. Medical advice is necessary for the treatment.