Sinusitis is a discomfort in the upper respiratory tract. Sinus refers to the air-filled cavity within the passage of nose, and sinusitis is the inflammation of sinus. It results in nasal congestion, inner ear problem, pain and pressure on the face, sore throat, excessive mucous production, and fever. Acute sinusitis is caused by bacterial or viral infection. If the condition persists for more than three months, it is termed as chronic.
Causes: Sinusitis is caused by allergies, or viral and bacterial infections.
Diagnosis: Physical examination, CT scan, MRI, endoscopy, sinus culture, skin test for allergy and X-Rray.
Treatment: Treatment are based on causes. Anti-biotics and anti-viral medicines are prescribed in case of bacterial and viral infections. However, they often cause side effects and chances of recurrence are high. Herbal treatments can be quite beneficial in treating infections without side effects.
Ginger is the most effective remedy for treating sinusitis. It can be given in the form of ginger tea or a decoction. It reduces fever and inflammation of the sinus. A decoction made by boiling tulsi leaves, ginger rhizome, black pepper corns, and peppermint leaves with a little jaggery to taste cures and prevents respiratory infections, fever, and congestion.
Garlic is an anti-biotic, anti-viral and anti-fungal. Inhaling steam produced by adding chopped garlic pieces in boiling hot water helps reduce cough, congestion and inflammation in sinus. Drinking garlic juice is also beneficial.
Echinacea is anti-viral and improves immunity. Add 10-15 drops of Echinacea root extract to ginger tea and drink twice a day; this will reduce viral infection and mucous discharge.
Eucalyptus oil can be used as inhalation or chest and nose rub. A few drops of Eucalyptus oil mixed with almond oil if rubbed or dabbed on sinus areas such as face, forehead and around nose and respiratory tract clears congestion and gives relief in headache and other problems. The leaves of the Eucalyptus tree are also a popular remedy for treating sinusitis.
Stem inhalation of peppermint oil reduces congestion and headache and prevents further infection.
Goldenseal extract and tea are also helpful but they should not be taken for a long period.
A decoction made from licorice roots also helps reduce inflammation caused by sinus.
Contraindications: Licorice roots should not be used for a long time as they can increase blood pressure. Medical advice is necessary if symptoms persist for long