Avocado (popularly known as alligator pear and butter fruit) is a delicious fruit that grows on evergreen and tall trees. The avocado tree can grow up to a height of 20 meters. The tree bears alternate leaves, small light yellow flowers and pear shaped single seeded fruit that we know as avocado. The tree is a native of Central Mexico. It also grows in central and south America, particularly Brazil.
Part used: Flesh or pulp of fruit.
Chemical composition: Avocado contains phytosterols, carotenes, vitamins B, C and E, unsaturated fats, carbohydrates and fibre. It also contains many minerals including manganese, zinc, selenium, calcium, iron, phosphorus and potassium.
Medical benefits: Avocado is full of antioxidants and vitamins, which makes it an extremely healthy fruit.
It is anti-inflammatory and prevents rheumatoid arthritis.
Due to the presence of folic acid and potassium, Avocado is beneficial for heart diseases, stroke, and lower blood pressure. It helps lower cholesterol and prevents atherosclerosis.
Folic acid also prevents birth defects in pregnant women.
Carotenes present in Avocado are beneficial for the eyes. It also helps prevents aging, age related macular degeneration and cataract.
Avocado helps controls the bad breath and prevent cancers of prostrate and mouth.
Avocado also contains antioxidants and Vitamin C, which limits cell damage caused by free radicals.
The high fibre content in avocado helps improve digestion, weight loss, and maintaining blood sugar levels. It also improves insulin resistance in diabetes and reduces requirement of insulin.
Avocado oil containing Vitamin E, which is a tonic for skin. It delays the aging process, stimulates collagen and prevents wrinkle formation.
Contraindications: The fruit can be allergic to some people otherwise it is a safe fruit.