Green peas (English peas, sweet peas and garden peas) are green round seeds obtained from the pods of plants of the pea family. They are used as vegetable and as beans all over the world in the winters. They form an important ingredient in many cuisines. They can be consumed fresh, preserved in dried form, or frozen.
Chemical composition: Protein, fibre, vitamins A, B, C and K, large amount of folate, minerals such as manganese, magnesium, iron, potassium, copper, zinc and phosphorus.
Medical benefits: Peas are delicious, nutritious and low fat food. Hence they are recommended in treating obesity. Peas lower cholesterol, prevent atherosclerosis, reduce risk of heart diseases. Due to the presence of Vitamin A and C, peas improve immunity and prevent the cell damage caused by free radicals. They are beneficial for eye problems such as ARMD (age-related muscular degeneration) and cataract due to the presense of Vitamin A. Peas also reduce the risk of cancers of pancreas, lungs and colon. Due to high fibre content, they help reduce constipation and improve digestion. They maintain and stabilise blood sugar levels in diabetics. The presence of iron in peas reduces the risk of anaemia. Folates are useful for pregnant women to prevent birth defects in infants. And finally, Vitamin K helps build bone mass.
Contraindications: People suffering from gout, kidney problems and kidney stones should restrict the consumption of peas. Excessive consumption may cause digestive problems.