Bunion is a painful bump or deformity formed by excessive bone formation on a side of big toe. It has a higher incidence in women, especially women over the age of 40.
Causes: The exact causes of bunion are not known. It has however been observed in women wearing tight fitting shoes or long and pointed heels. Rheumatoid arthritis, heredity, flat footed feet, nerve conditions, ageing, and foot injuries are some of the other causes.
Symptoms: Inflammation, pain, redness and sometimes tingling in and around big toe.
Treatment: Exercises, pain killers, anti-inflammatory drugs, splints, arch support and loose fitting shoes the first line of treatment to reduce pain. They may also be supplemented by analgesic and anti-inflammatory herbs, and home remedies. In extreme cases, surgery may be required.
Take a foot bath with warm water mixed with grated ginger. It reduces inflammation and improves blood circulation.
Apply turmeric paste or consume turmeric. Turmeric contains the compound curcumin which reduces inflammation.
Apply aloe vera gel or consume a teaspoon of the gel. It reduces redness and gives soothing effect to skin.
Consume fruits contains vitamin C such as orange or citrus fruits. They improve immunity.
Regularly apply chamomile oil, eucalyptus oil, cajuput oil.
Homeopathic medicines such as arnica are also known to have an anti-inflammatory effect.
Take foot bath with epsom salt water.
Avoid putting extra pressure on foot. Wear loose and comfortable shoes.
Contraindications: Take medical advice before opting for surgery.